Manufacturing is the process of fabricating useful products from raw materials. Before the 19th century, most manufacturing was done in households or small workshops. During the early 19th century, however, innovative textile makers began using machines that were driven by water wheels. This mechanized approach enabled manufacturing operations to be consolidated in locations that became known as factories. The factory system was subsequently adopted by other industries as well. In the modern era, more efficient communication and transportation infrastructures as well as international trade agreements have encouraged manufacturers to locate factories in countries that offer favorable business climates and low production costs. The Manufacturing News website comprises news and information, in the form of manufacturing-related news headlines, news summaries, and news article references as well as captions, titles, descriptions, and links to manufacturing-oriented imagery and articles.